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What Percentage of Americans Do Construction: Key Findings and Benefits

  1. Key Findings:
  • Approximately 7.4 million Americans are employed in the construction industry, accounting for about 4.5% of the total U.S. workforce. (Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
  • The construction sector has experienced steady growth in recent years, with the demand for skilled workers expected to continue rising.
  • Construction jobs encompass a wide range of occupations, including carpenters, electricians, plumbers, masons, and project managers, among others.
  • Geographic distribution varies, with higher concentrations of construction workers in states with robust construction markets, such as California, Texas, and Florida.
  1. Benefits of Understanding Construction Percentage:
  • Economic insights: Knowing the percentage of Americans involved in construction can provide a clear picture of the industry's contribution to the national economy. It helps identify trends, labor market dynamics, and potential job opportunities.
  • Business planning:

Employment by Location

The states that concentrated the largest workforce in 2021 were California (1.05M), Texas (1M), and Florida (706k). This map shows the states in the United States shaded by workforce for Construction Industry Sector.

What percentage of the US economy is construction?

US GDP - Contribution of Construction Industry is at 4.00%, compared to 4.00% last quarter and 4.00% last year. This is lower than the long term average of 4.07%.

Is construction slowing down 2023?

The July 2023 AIA Consensus Construction Forecast Panel indicates that after a 19.7% surge in 2023 spending for commercial, institutional, and industrial buildings, growth is expected to decelerate in 2024. All nine panelists are in agreement about a potential slowdown.

What is the average age of construction workers in the US?

42

NAHB analysis of the most recent 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) data reveals that the median age of construction workers is 42, one year older than a typical worker in the national labor force.

What is the #1 cause of death in construction?

Falls Are the Leading Cause of Death in Construction

Fall accidents represent the biggest threat to private sector workers according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

What are the demographics of construction workers in the US?

The most common ethnicity of construction workers is White (52.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (27.7%), Black or African American (11.1%) and Unknown (4.0%). In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.

What is the racial diversity in the construction industry?

As of 2021, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the construction workforce is 87.9% white and 89% male. Black and Asian workers are deeply underrepresented in construction, and while Hispanic or Latinx workers are generally well-represented, they're underrepresented in leadership roles.

Frequently Asked Questions

How diverse is the construction industry?

Current State of D&I in Construction

In regard to race, 30.7% of professionals in the industry are Hispanic or Latino, 6.2% are black, and a staggering 2% are Asian. While the US does not collect data of LGBTQI+ representation in the workforce, we can use data collected by the UK for reference.

What state has the most construction workers?

Sandherr also noted that a recent survey by the AGC found that 91% of firms are having a hard time finding workers to hire. In any event, BLS data shows that the states with the most construction jobs are: California — 663,570. Texas — 568,930.

What percentage of construction workers have a college degree?

Level of education that construction workers have

Education% of construction workers
High school diploma70%
Certificate or associate degree6%
Bachelor's degree1%
Master's degree0%

How many people are employed in construction in the US?

The construction sector employed nearly eight million people in the United States in July 2023, which was the highest number since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a strong correlation between the amount of investment in construction and demand for workers.

FAQ

Does the US have enough construction workers?

The construction industry in America is facing an extreme labor shortage, roughly 650,000 workers, slowing completion of construction projects from residential homes to infrastructure to hospitals.

What percent of construction workers are immigrants?

In 2021, immigrants (legal and illegal) were 29 percent of all construction workers, but only 17 percent of the total labor force. With more than seven out of 10 construction workers being U.S.-born, any assertion that people born in this country are uninterested in such jobs is wrong.

What percentage of construction workers are Hispanic in California?

Texas also stands out for registering the highest share of Hispanics in the construction labor force (61%). California is next on the list, with Hispanics accounting for 55% of its construction workforce, followed by Arizona where 49% of construction workforce are Hispanics.

What percentage of construction workers are minorities?

The average age of an employed construction worker is 38 years old. The most common ethnicity of construction workers is White (52.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (27.7%), Black or African American (11.1%) and Unknown (4.0%). In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.

What percentage of americans do construction

How many Mexicans work in construction?

Most recently, the number of Hispanic workers in construction grew rapidly and reached a record high employment of 3.8 million in 2021, after a small dip during the volatile start of the pandemic.

What race are most construction workers?

White

The most common ethnicity of construction workers is White (52.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (27.7%), Black or African American (11.1%) and Unknown (4.0%). In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.

What percentage of Hispanics work in construction?

The numbers are even more clear-cut in Southwestern states. In Texas, California, and Arizona, for example, Hispanics are 61 percent, 55 percent, and 49 percent of the construction workforce, respectively. The labor provided by Hispanic workers greatly contributes to the success of the construction industry.

What race works the most in construction?

The latest labor force statistics from the 2021 Current Population Survey show that Non-Hispanic Whites account for the majority of workers in the construction industry (59%). Hispanics make up close to a third of the construction labor force (31.5%), followed by African Americans (5.9%), and Asians (1.6%).

  • How many Latinos work in construction?
    • ​ Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. In 2020, 30.0 percent of construction workers were Hispanic, a share considerably higher than their 17.6-percent share of the total employed.

  • What race is most likely to be unemployed?
    • In 2022, 6.1 percent of the Black or African-American population in the United States were unemployed, the highest unemployment rate of any ethnicity.

  • Are the majority of construction workers immigrants?
    • Nationally, foreign-born people make up 30% of construction workers, data from the Census Bureau shows, making immigrants a key part of the home building puzzle.

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