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Understanding the Significance of Construction in China's Economy

In this article, we will explore and answer the question, "What percent of China's economy is construction?" We will examine the positive aspects of the construction industry in China, list its benefits, and discuss the conditions under which this information is valuable.

  1. Overview of China's Construction Sector:
  • China's construction industry plays a crucial role in the country's economic development.
  • The sector encompasses residential, commercial, and infrastructure construction activities.
  1. Contribution to China's Economy:
  • The construction industry is a significant contributor to China's GDP.
  • It accounts for a substantial percentage of the country's overall economic output.
  1. Benefits of China's Construction Industry:
  • Job Creation: The construction sector provides employment opportunities for millions of workers, both skilled and unskilled.
  • Economic Growth: The continuous development of infrastructure and buildings stimulates economic growth and boosts various related industries.
  • Urbanization and Modernization: Construction projects drive urbanization efforts, transforming rural areas into vibrant cities and modernizing existing urban centers.
  • Foreign Investment: The construction industry attracts foreign investment, leading to increased collaboration and technological advancements.
  • Infrastructure Development: Construction projects enhance transportation networks, energy systems, and public facilities, improving the overall


Why it matters: At its peak, China's residential property sector was thought to contribute an estimated 25%-30% of the country's GDP.

What is the construction industry market size in China?

The China construction market size was $4.6 trillion in 2022.

What is the productivity of construction in China?

The results show that, overall, the average value of the total factor productivity index for China's construction industry was 1.0133, indicating an average annual increase in total factor productivity of 1.33%.

What is the economic activity of China?

China's economic development has been fueled in large part by a sprawling industrial sector, which includes manufacturing, construction, mining, and utilities. In 2021, value-added industrial output accounted for 39 percent of China's GDP—more than double that of the United States (18 percent).

What percentage of China's GDP is construction?

GDP value added of construction industry in China 2011-2022

In 2022, the construction industry accounted for around 6.9 percent of China's gross domestic product.

How good is China's infrastructure?

Yes. China ranks just 36th in overall infrastructure quality so there is still room for improvement, especially in terms of transportation services and water infrastructure.

What is the average lifespan of a building in China?

We can see that buildings in China only last for approximately 30 years on average. There is also some statistical data on building lifespans in different countries, see Table 1 (right). It can be seen that the building lifespan in China is much shorter than that in other countries.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is U.S. infrastructure better than China?

The Joe Biden administration is implementing the largest federal investment in infrastructure in decades. Here's why infrastructure matters for U.S. economic competitiveness. Experts say that U.S. infrastructure is both dangerously overstretched and lagging behind that of its economic competitors, particularly China.

What is the importance of China's economic growth?

China's growing economy is also an important source of global demand. Its economic rebalancing will create new opportunities for manufacturing exporters, though it may reduce demand for commodities over the medium-term. China is a growing influence on other developing economies through trade, investment, and ideas.

How has the rise of China affected global trade?

The expansion of its international trade has been a particularly noteworthy aspect of China's rising prominence in the world economy. China's exports and imports have grown at an average rate of 15 per- cent each year since 1979, compared with a 7 per- cent annual expansion of world trade over the same period.

How is construction so fast in China?

Have you ever wondered why China can build so many skyscrapers and so fast? Seventy percent of skyscrapers around the world over 300 meters tall were built by Chinese companies. Developed by the company's Third Engineering Bureau, the secret is the Intelligent Micro Bump Jacking Formwork System with Tower Crane.

Why is China building so many bridges?

A primary motive is economic growth: Infrastructure spending surged as part of a huge stimulus program after the 2008 global financial crisis. Each bridge can cost billions and employ hundreds of workers for several years.


What is the construction activity in China?

The construction industry is expected to record an average annual growth rate of 4.4% between 2024 and 2027, supported by investment in infrastructure projects as part of the 14th Five-Year Plan (FYP) (2021-2025).

What is the lifespan of a building in China?

Approximately 30-40 years

In addition, Chinese buildings are poor quality, with an average lifetime of only approximately 30-40 years for urban buildings (Song 2005) and 15 years or less for rural buildings (Huang 2006), both much shorter than the average building lifetime of 60 years in the United States (U.S. Department of Energy 2011).

Why is infrastructure important for China?

For example, recent studies show that Chinese infrastructure can have a real positive economic impact in the short term, reduce geographic inequality within a country, and boost domestic perceptions of national prestige. But in the long term, there are reasons for concern.

What is China's sustainable development strategy?

China will pursue green development by promoting a green and low-carbon development model and lifestyle, protecting ecological system. It will make great efforts to deepen opening-up, thus realizing win-win cooperation. Shared development will be facilitated to improve people's well being.

What percent of china ecounmy is construction

Is China working on a plan to become more sustainable?

According to the Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035, China aims to, by 2035, achieve an advanced standard of living, create a green economy and an improved environment, and boost per capita GDP while reducing

How much of China's economy is construction?

GDP value added of construction industry in China 2011-2022

In 2022, the construction industry accounted for around 6.9 percent of China's gross domestic product.

Is China's infrastructure sustainable?

China has become one of the largest green bond issuers worldwide, and there have been positive developments in sustainable BRI investment. For example, BRI investment in renewable energy projects increased with 12.6 gigawatts from 2014 to 2019.

What is the construction output of China?

In 2022, the construction industry in China generated an output of over 31 trillion yuan, representing an increase of almost 100 percent from a decade ago.

  • How big is construction in China?
    • The China Construction Market size is expected to grow from USD 4.74 trillion in 2023 to USD 7.00 trillion by 2028, at a CAGR of 8.09% during the forecast period (2023-2028).

  • What percentage of Chinese GDP is construction?
    • Overview of China's Construction Industry – Market Analysis

      The total value added by the construction industry in 2021 was 9.72 trillion yuan (approximately 1.5 trillion US dollars), accounting for 6.2% of China's GDP (National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2021).

  • What is the construction revenue in China?
    • 26,789,573.690 RMB mn

      China Construction: Revenue data was reported at 26,789,573.690 RMB mn in 2021. This records an increase from the previous number of 24,486,449.800 RMB mn for 2020. China Construction: Revenue data is updated yearly, averaging 4,941,475.466 RMB mn from Dec 1993 to 2021, with 29 observations.

  • What percentage of the economy is construction?
    • US GDP - Contribution of Construction Industry is at 4.00%, compared to 4.00% last quarter and 4.00% last year.

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