The walls and pillars, timber scaffolding and roof were built first. Once the roof was in place, and the walls were reinforced with buttresses, the construction of the vaults could begin. One of the most complex steps was the construction of the rib vaults, which covered the nave and choir.
Which is a correct description of cathedrals built in the Gothic style?
Gothic churches could achieve new heights with a lightness and a gracefulness often absent from sturdy Romanesque structures. Some of the key architectural components integral to the Gothic form are pointed arches, flying buttresses, tri-portal west façades, rib vaults, and of course, rose windows.
What are Gothic cathedrals especially known for?
Gothic cathedrals and churches are religious buildings created in Europe between the mid-12th century and the beginning of the 16th century. The cathedrals are notable particularly for their great height and their extensive use of stained glass to fill the interiors with light.
What holds up the building of a Gothic cathedrals?
Flying ButtressesFlying Buttresses
Buttresses are external supports that help to hold up a building. The simplest buttresses are basically pillars with one side connected to the exterior wall. Flying buttresses have pillars several feet away from the exterior wall that connect to the building through arches.
What is the construction method of Gothic architecture?
The construction of a Gothic cathedral involved many different operations: surveying, soil mech- anics, foundation design, centring, buttress and vault design, stereo- tomy, carpentry, lifting devices, labour organisation, etc. These are the modern keywords for some of the activities involved.
What made Gothic architecture possible?
In the 12th–13th century, feats of engineering permitted increasingly gigantic buildings. The rib vault, flying buttress, and pointed (Gothic) arch were used as solutions to the problem of building a very tall structure while preserving as much natural light as possible.