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What is the Erection Process in Construction?

The erection process in construction refers to the assembly and installation of structural components to create buildings, bridges, industrial facilities, and other infrastructure projects. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the erection process, its benefits, and the conditions where it is commonly used.

I. Definition of the Erection Process in Construction:

  • Explanation of what the erection process entails.
  • Overview of the main tasks involved, such as lifting, positioning, and securing structural elements.

II. Key Steps in the Erection Process:

  1. Site Preparation:
  • Clearing and leveling the construction site.
  • Ensuring proper access for heavy machinery and equipment.
  1. Foundation Construction:
  • Excavation and pouring of the foundation.
  • Ensuring a strong and stable base for the structure.
  1. Assembly of Structural Components:
  • Lifting and positioning precast or prefabricated elements.
  • Proper alignment and connection of these components.
  1. Structural Stability and Safety:
  • Inspection and verification of connections and reinforcements.
  • Implementation of temporary bracing and support systems.
  1. Finishing Touches:
  • Installation of utilities, such as plumbing and electrical systems.
  • Application of exterior and interior finishes.

III. Benefits of the Erection

Abstract— Erection process of structural steel involves the assembly of steel components into a frame on the site which also forms the major part of project cost. This process briefly involves lifting and placing components into position, then connecting them as a whole member and finally bolting.

What is the erection sequence in construction methodology?

An Erection Sequence is an order or series of equipment and facility erection or installation sequence, normally construction erection work starts from 1) underground works, 2) a tall and heavy equipment erection, 3) from the middle of plant area, 4) longest duration activities.

What is the purpose of the erection drawings?

Erection drawings are the basis for assembly company which erects the steel structure. At Eneca Group drawings are carried out using Tekla Structures. Our team includes experienced structural engineers, calculation specialists and steel structure designers.

What are the processes involved in steelwork erection?

Steel erection work includes constructing, altering, repairing, maintaining, demolishing and dismantling a steel structure. Steel erection work includes erecting metal structures by joining together steel beams, columns and surfaces to create a metal skeleton. Further information is in the Cranes guidance material.

What are the 5 stages of erection?

From our results we conclude that penile erection can be subdivided in 5 phases: (1) latent-, (2) tumescence-, (3) erection-, (4) rigidity- and (5) detumescence phase.

How do they transport steel?

Steel is commonly transported using trucks, trains, or ships. The type of transportation used will depend on the size and amount of steel in transport and the distance it must be transported.

How are steel beams shipped?

Specialized heavy haul cargo haulers like a flatbed trailer is needed to handle items with substantial length and weight, like to transport steel beams. The other thing you want to make absolutely certain of when using this mode of shipping is that they are securely fastened to the bed, or each other if stacked.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best way to transport steel?

Flatbed or step-deck trailers with levels are the safest and most effective trailers for the transport of steel pipe. Since these trailers do not have sides, they allow for better access to the material for loading and unloading.

What are the connections in a steel frame structure?

Connections can be of various types, based on different criteria. Based on the method of fastening, the connections are of three types-Rivets, Bolts, and Welding. Based on rigidity, the connections are of three types-Rigid, Simple, and Semi-rigid. Let us see in detail about the bolts and welded joints.

What is a bolt joint in a steel structure?

A butt joint, or butt weld, is a joint where two pieces of metal are placed together in the same plane, and the side of each metal is joined by welding. A butt weld is the most common type of joint that is used in the fabrication of structures and piping systems.

What is the erection process in construction?

The erection of structural steelwork consists of the assembly of steel components into a frame on site. The processes involve lifting and placing components into position, then connecting them together. Generally this is achieved through bolting but sometimes site welding is used.

What are the 4 stages of an erection?

From our results we conclude that penile erection can be subdivided in 5 phases: (1) latent-, (2) tumescence-, (3) erection-, (4) rigidity- and (5) detumescence phase.

What is an example of a steel construction?

In modern construction, steel structures is used for almost every type of structure including heavy industrial building, high-rise building, equipment support system, infrastructure, bridge, tower, airport terminal, heavy industrial plant, pipe rack, etc.


What is the definition of steel used in construction?

Steel is one of the most commonly used materials in civil engineering due to its high strength, durability and relatively low cost. It is an alloy of iron and a number of other elements including carbon.

What are the 4 types of steel structures?

Common types of steel frame structures

The four steel frame structures we're going to be discussing are basic building frame structures, portal frames, truss structures, and grid structures.

What is steel method of construction?

Steel frame construction involves assembling steel columns and beams to support floors, roofs, cladding, internal fixtures, and finishing. Thanks to the material's distinctive qualities, steel frame construction has been the ideal construction method for many architects and contractors.

What is the most common steel used in construction?

Mild steel type

The most common among the most common steel types in construction is definitely mild steel type, also known as plain carbon steel. Carbon steel is a type of steel that contains between 0.12 and 2% of carbon, which is the main alloying constituent.

What does tier mean in construction?


Tier 1Designers and constructor that have a direct contract with the ultimate client.
Tier 2Designers, constructors and suppliers with a sub-contract with the tier one contractor.
Tier 3Designers, constructors and suppliers with a sub-contract with a tier two sub-contractor.

What is the erection process in construction

What is Tier 1 Tier 2 building?

With initial investment cost spread over 30 years and a lower average maintenance cost, a Tier 1 structures features higher bankability and provides a more secure long-term investment with an overall higher value. A Tier 2 structure has a projected lifetime of 15 years.

What is the difference between Tier 1 and Tier 2 companies?

Tier 1- final product: a company that creates cotton t-shirts (The t-shirt is made from cotton fabric.) Tier 1 Suppliers: These are direct suppliers of the final product. Tier 2 suppliers: These are suppliers or subcontractors for your tier 1 suppliers.

What is a Tier 1 project?

Tier 1 Project means a project with a contract value greater than or equal to USD500K or project without budget setup.

What is tier 1 Tier 2 and Tier 3?

• Tier 1 – Partners that you directly conduct business with. • Tier 2 – Where your Tier 1 suppliers get their materials. • Tier 3 – One step further removed from a final product and typically work in raw materials.

What is metal frame for building construction?

Steel frame is a building technique with a "skeleton frame" of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams, constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame.

  • What is structural steel framing?
    • Structural steel framing is a durable, reliable, cost-effective, sustainable option for low-rise, mid-rise and high-rise building projects and typically refers to building frame systems where the vertical and horizontal structural elements are formed by a system of structural steel beams and columns.

  • What is the steel framework for a skyscraper?
    • The central support structure of a skyscraper is its steel skeleton. Metal beams are riveted end to end to form vertical columns. At each floor level, these vertical columns are connected to horizontal girder beams. Many buildings also have diagonal beams running between the girders, for extra structural support.

  • What are the parts of steel frame construction?
    • The steel frame structure consists of frame beams, columns, beam-column connections, composite flooring made of profiled steel sheets, and a solid foundation. The flooring system employs both primary and secondary beams and composite flooring.

  • What is the frame of a building construction?
    • Framing, in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape. Framing materials are usually wood, engineered wood, or structural steel.

  • What is the erection process for steel frame?
    • Erection Steps
      1. Step 1: Prepare before erection.
      2. Step 2: Erect column.
      3. Step 3: Erect rafter.
      4. Step 4: Erect purlin, and brace.
      5. Step 5: Calibrate the first frame.
      6. Step 6: Erect next frame.
      7. Step 7: Complete installation for the rest frame.
      8. Step 8: Erect roof monitor.

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