The Basilica of Saint-DenisThe Basilica of Saint-Denis is the earliest known example of Gothic architecture and provided a model for ecclesiastical structures throughout the Middle Ages. By the early 12th century, France's most significant royal abbey, Saint-Denis, was in disrepair.
What was the first Gothic church in France?
1130: Sens Cathedral, the first French Gothic cathedral, begun. (consecrated 1171). 1135: Basilica of Saint-Denis reconstruction in new style begun by Abbot Suger, The Gothic ambulatory was finished in 1144.
Who is considered to be the original creator of Gothic architectural style?
They denounced this type of art as unrefined and ugly and attributed it to the Gothic tribes which had destroyed the Roman Empire and its classical culture in the 5th century AD. Abbot Suger (about 1081 – 1151) is widely credited with popularising Gothic architecture.
Who is the father of Gothic architecture?
Where did the early Gothic art in France come from?
Early GothicThe earliest surviving Gothic building was the abbey of Saint-Denis in Paris, begun in about 1140. Structures with similarly precise vaulting and chains of windows along the perimeter were soon begun with Notre-Dame de Paris (begun 1163) and Laon Cathedral (begun 1165).
How were Gothic cathedrals constructed?
The walls and pillars, timber scaffolding and roof were built first. Once the roof was in place, and the walls were reinforced with buttresses, the construction of the vaults could begin. One of the most complex steps was the construction of the rib vaults, which covered the nave and choir.