Some structures are built on cripple walls. As shown in the figure, a cripple wall is a short wall that rests on the foundation and supports the floor and exterior walls. If the cripple wall is not braced, it can shift during an earthquake.
Why is it called a cripple wall?
Wooden floors and stud walls are sometimes built on top of an exterior foundation to support a house and create a crawl space. These are called cripple walls and they carry the weight of the house. During an earthquake, these walls can collapse if they are not braced to resist horizontal movement.
What is a cripple stud in framing?
In modern building construction, the term cripple is used to refer to a short stud or joist that is used above a door or below a window. In other words, a cripple is a short piece of vertical wood framing that helps support the weight of a window or door.
What is crippling in carpentry?
Definition: Cripple walls are the little vertical framing, also known as stud walls made of wood that surround a crawling area (which holds electricity, water lines, etc.) beneath the first floor of a house, in touch with the soil gradient to assist the end of the floor joists.
What is an example of cripple?
To cripple is to leave someone unable to walk. Terrible car accidents, for example, can sometimes cripple their victims. Use the verb cripple to describe what is done to a person whose legs are so badly injured that they can't be used.
What is the purpose of cripple studs?
While a jack stud is used to support the weight of the header, a cripple stud is cut to add additional framing above the door or window opening, and below a window.