What common error in sentence construction is evident in this example?
In the English language, sentence construction plays a vital role in effective communication. Understanding and avoiding common errors in sentence construction can greatly enhance our writing skills. This article will discuss the common errors in sentence construction, highlight the benefits of recognizing and correcting them, and provide guidance on when to use this information.
I. Common errors in sentence construction:
- Subject-verb agreement:
- Failure to match the subject and verb in terms of number and person (e.g., "She walk to school" instead of "She walks to school").
- Run-on sentences:
- Combining multiple independent clauses without proper punctuation or conjunctions (e.g., "I went to the store I bought some groceries").
- Sentence fragments:
- Incomplete sentences that lack a subject, verb, or both (e.g., "Running down the street").
- Misplaced modifiers:
- Incorrect placement of descriptive words or phrases, leading to confusion or ambiguity (e.g., "I saw a dog on the way home with a pink collar").
- Lack of parallelism:
- Failure to maintain consistent grammatical structure within a sentence or a series of sentences (e.g., "I like dancing, to sing
Parallel structure is used in sentences to promote readability as well as to create a common level of importance between ideas. Also know as parallelism, using parallel structure creates a common grammatical pattern throughout a sentence.
What is a parallel structure with opposing ideas and contrast?
Antithesis is a literary device that places opposite words, ideas, or qualities parallel to each other. The contrast between them creates greater emphasis and clarity. Their parallel structure provides a memorable rhythm.
What is a parallel construction for parallel ideas?
Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. This can happen at the word, phrase, or clause level. The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions such as "and" or "or."
What is an example of a false parallelism?
Driving a car requires coordination, patience, and to have good eyesight. In this example, the sentence contains faulty parallelism because the writer begins the sentence by using nouns (coordination and patience), but ends with a phrase (to have good eyesight).